Hang gliding has been a popular sport worldwide since the 1970’s. It involves flying a rigid Delta Shaped wing by launching from a suitable mountain/hill slope or being towed up by an aircraft, specifically the Dragon fly, designed to tow hang gliders. The PHG wing provides lift and control is achieved by weight shift. Controlling the PHG is therefore, very different from a conventional 3 axis control aircraft and can interfere with the reactions of a conventional pilot, who is used to flying 3 axis control aircraft, unless he or she undergoes a proper course.
The centre of Pressure (Lift) and the Centre of Gravity are designed to coincide at the same location on the wing, hence a slightest shift in the weight, causes the PHG to react, depending on the direction of weight shift.
Hang gliding later evolved into Powered Hang Gliding (PHG), wherein the Wing was mounted on a trike, fitted with an engine and seats. One can earn a Certificate to fly by doing about 25 hrs of flying. The requirements to earn a Certificate to fly a PHG are the same as a Microlight aircraft, except that there are no written exams and the flying syllabus is only 25 Hrs, as against 40 hrs for a Microlight aircraft.
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